Bat Trang is about 16 km south east of Hanoi from the center. Bat Trang is a accient ceramic village ( 1000 years old ). History of Bat Trang village 1010 , King Ly Thai To moved the capital to Thang Long , Thang Long became the political center of the Republic of Vietnam . Due to the development needs of the city , many merchants, craftsmen from where to find the Thang Long industrial practice and up . Bo Bat Some potters migrated out here and they Nguyen Ninh Trang pottery set , called the White Earth Ward ( Ward White Earth ) . was later renamed Bat . The birth and development of Thang Long has a strong impact on economic activity of the surrounding villages , including the village of Bat Trang . This particular area has a lot of white clay , a good material for the production of pottery . The next round of migration has turned from a Bat Trang ceramic village has become a normal famous pottery center was chosen to provide the court tributes to the Ming Dynasty .
Century 15-16 Mac’s policy towards the business during this time is open , do not advocate ” restrained trade ” before the economy as goods whose distribution conditions are more favorable , thus , Bat Trang products are widely circulated .
Bat Trang ceramics have many products the Mac is clearly written in intelligent manufacturing , the name of the person ordering and production . Through this document proving that the order includes a number of senior officials and nobles wear princess costumes , pro- Duke short code , Ngoc Lien Da Mac Nations , the U.S. State Lady .. . The order spread out over a large space includes district covered the northern plains and the northern Central Coast .
Century 16-17 After the end of the geographical discoveries 15th century , many developed countries of Western Europe to Eastern spill . Countries Portugal , Holland , England , France … established companies , building bases in the East for trade . Activity of maritime trade in Southeast Asia have a long history of capital becomes more vibrant , attractive countries in the region in Asian trading system and the global market is developing.
Once established , the Ming (China ) prohibits private undertakings with foreign trade for the export of the famous ceramics China has restricted facilitate Bat Trang pottery market expansion in Southeast Asia . When the Ming (China ) abolished the policy of isolation ( 1567 ) but still banned exports of some raw materials and commodities important to Japan , was created for trade relations between Vietnam and Japan feature special development , thereby Bat Trang ceramics are imported into Japan .
1644 Qing (China ) restore policy against crossing with foreign trade , until 1684 after liberate Taiwan . During that time , a number of export items of Vietnam , including Bat Trang pottery of China is not competitive should have conditions to thrive .
15-17 century was a period of strong development of ceramic industry Vietnam exports , which in the north are two important centers and the famous Bat Trang and Chu Dau – Xa ( the Minh Tan Thai Tan , Nam Sach district , Hai Duong province ) . At that time , Thang Long (Hanoi) and Pho Hien (now Hung Yen province ) is the second largest urban center and is also harmful for foreign trade prosperity of Tonkin . Bat Trang luck and great advantages is located by the river II ( Red River ) in the middle of Long Street and Constitution , the waterway linking the city and the gateway to the outside world . Chinese trading ships , Japan , Southeast Asia and the Western countries , Vietnam pottery is sold to Japan and many countries in Southeast Asia , South Asia .
The Western companies , especially the Dutch East India Company , the trading method ” from India ( East ) to India ” , bought ceramics Vietnam market sales to Southeast Asia and Japan The .
At the end of the 17th century & early 18th century The export trade in pottery and Vietnam in Southeast Asia are rapidly declining because after Taiwan was liberated ( 1684 ) and Qing Dynasty abolished crossing policies prohibit trade with foreign countries . Since then , high-quality ceramic Chinese flooded the markets of Southeast Asia and Vietnam pottery is not competitive enough . Japan, after a period of closure to protect the precious materials such as silver , copper , has been promoting the development of domestic industries such as silk , sugar , ceramics … that previously had to buy foreign products .
18-19 century Some Western countries into industrial revolution with the new goods to large consumer markets . The economic situation together with limited foreign trade policy of the government Trinh Nguyen in the 18th century and of the Nguyen Dynasty in the 19th century made the external trade relations of Vietnam and the export decline pottery diminished . That is why some pottery village production interruptions ( such as Chu Dau ceramic village – Xa ) . Bat Trang ceramics have been affected yet , but retains vitality thanks to a broad consumer market with domestic appliances , worship , decoration and building blocks are essential for all classes society from nobles to civilians . In this phase , Bat Trang pottery declining exports , but Bat Trang is still a manufacturing center known traditional ceramic in water.
19th century to present During the French colonial period , the Bat Trang pottery but with a number of ceramic enterprises and foreign goods competing but still maintain normal operation .
With full facilities , labor Bat Trang is tested , practical , creative based on hard work and diligence has created a generation of skilled ceramic solid . The well-known artists such as Bat Trang Dao Van Can , Nguyen Van lodge , Le Van The , Le Van Cam , Nguyen Van Loi , Pham Thi Minh Chau Tran , … trained many young potters kilns provide a new opening in the province .
After 1986, Bat Trang pottery village with large shift towards a market economy . The cooperatives in turn dissolved or transformed into joint-stock companies , large companies were established , but much remains the production and dissemination are small units of production per household . Bat Trang Commune has become a major pottery center .
Currently, Bat Trang products increasingly rich and diverse . In addition to the traditional items , the Bat Trang pottery also produced many new products to meet consumer demand in Vietnam as the kind of cups , dishes , vases … new type of building material , the type insulators … and the products exported by foreign orders . Bat Trang products available on the domestic market and are exported to many countries in Asia and Europe
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