Lanmark in Ha Noi

Tam Dao National Park

Tam Dao National Park (Vietnamese: Vườn quốc gia Tam Đảo) is a protected area zone in North Vietnam. It was established in 1996, succeeding from the Conservation Forest Tam Dao which was formed in 1977. The park is about 85 km northwest of Hanoi.

Its exact location is at 21°21’ to 21°42’ North latitude, 105°23’ to 105°44’ East longitude. It spans a large area along the Tam Đảo range and administratively belongs to 6 districts and 1 city: Lập Thạch, Tam Dương, Bình Xuyên and the city of Vĩnh Yên of Vĩnh Phúc Province; Sơn Dương of Tuyên Quang Province; Đại Từ and Phổ Yên of Thái Nguyên Province.

Tam Dao National Park is based in the Tam Đảo range, which is one of the terminal spurs of a larger mountainous area in the Northwest region of Vietnam. It runs 80 km from north west to south east, and has more than 20 peaks with altitudes of over 1000m. The highest summit is Tam Đảo North with an altitude of 1592 m. Three other peaks with beautiful scenery are Thien Thi at 1375 m, Thach Ban at 1388 m and Phu Nghia at 1300 m. Sharp peaks with sloping sides and numerous, deep partitions are characteristic of the topology.

At an elevation of 930 metres, Tam Đảo town was established by French colonists in 1907 as a tranquil hill resort in northern Vietnam. Several luxurious villas designed for the French still remain.[2] It is now an enclave administratively belonging to Vinh Yen city.

The boundary of the national park is located at an altitude of 100 m around the Tam Đảo range. There is a larger buffer zone (which has area of approximately 535 km2) which surrounds the national park which has an altitude below 100 m. Seventy per cent of the area of the park is covered by natural and artificial forest. The natural forest is about 220 km2 and the human altered forest is about 30 km2.

Due to the tall mountainous range that splits the area into two parts, the national park’s climatic condition is divided into two areas with different rainfalls. This difference and some other factors such as the effect of human activity divide the park into some smaller climatic zones which increase the bio-diversity in the park.

Tourism

There are two sites for tourists in the park. The first is Tam Đảo town which was established in 1907. Tam Đảo is nestled in a valley covering only 3 km2. There now remain a stone church, some villas and palaces built by French colonists. It has Thac Bac (The Silver Fall), Rung Rinh peak and Tam Đảo 2, a remnant of another resort built many years ago.

The second tourist location is Tay Thien site. It includes Tay Thien Quoc Mau Temple (literally The “Temple of East Heaven National Mother”) and many pagodas. Along with Thien Vien Truc Lam (literally: “Dhyana Palace in Bamboo Forest”) in Da Lat and Yen Tu, Thien Vien Truc Lam Tay Thien is a center of Vietnamese Buddhism.

Dien Bien Phu

May 7, 1954 proved to be a pivotal day in Vietnamese history; it was the day when French colonial forces were defeated in the battle of Dien Bien Phu, marking the final days of the First Indochina War. The small, walkable town of Dien Bien Phu has since attracted military buffs who come to see the refurbished French defenses, including a command bunker, a strong point and a military history museum.
What really makes the place special, even for visitors with less of an interest in history, is the sense of remoteness, nestled in a valley amid the lush mountains along the Laos border. The spectacular hillside rice terraces in the countryside surrounding the town are worth a visit on their own.

Van Phuc Silk Village

On the banks of the Nhue River about 6 miles (10 kilometers) southwest of Hanoi sits Van Phuc Silk Village. Of Vietnam’s many officially designated craft villages, Van Phuc is perhaps the best known and best developed. It’s also one of the oldest silk producing villages, with a history dating back more than 1,200 years. More than 700 households within the village are involved in silk production, and visitors will find three main streets lined with over 100 shops.

While modern silk shops and mechanized weaving are now the norm in Van Phuc, it remains the best place in the Hanoi area for buying silk products, and even if you’re not in the market to buy, it’s an excellent place to see up close how silk is produced, both with modern methods and traditional looms. In general, silk items in the village tend to be slightly cheaper than in Hanoi, and Van Phuc silk is known for its light weight and smooth appearance, making it cool in the summer yet warm in winter.

Silk production


Van Phuc silk has been known for its smooth, light weight, and elegant appearance. Especially, a traditional kind of silk called Van Silk made in Van Phuc make the wearers feel cool in summer and warm in winter. Today, to satisfy various demand for silk of the market, Van Phuc silk producers have expanded their silk and garment goods like embroidered silk, , wrinkled silk, double layers and more colors for silk products.

Many families in Van Phuc open their own shops on the main road of the village; create a “town of silk” that sell eye-catching and high quality silk products. Tourists may buy available nice souvenir and clothes in the shop, or select the most suitable materials to then get customized products. The sellers are very friendly and can speak a little English and French to communicate to foreign tourists.

Nowadays, although the weaving has been mechanized for higher productivity, there are still simple manual looms in some houses in the village which help tourists contemplate the genuinely traditional Vietnamese way of making silk.

 

1 Trang Tien Street, Hanoi, North Vietnam, Vietnam

The Hanoi Opera House (Nha Hat Lon) is a 100­-year-­old performance hall with architecture modeled on the Palais Garnier opera house in Paris. Nha Hat Lon was erected by the French colonial administration at the turn of the 20th century and is a landmark building in Hanoi. It was built in a typical French style with classic gothic features.

In 1997, the modernization and repair of the building was undertaken by Vietnamese French architects, and the decorative designs on the ceilings, arches, walls, and doors were renewed. Home to the Vietnam Symphony Orchestra, the Opera House also hosts the Hanoi Philharmonic Orchestra, the National Ballet, plus both traditional and modern local productions.

No tours of the building are offered but the exterior makes for some good photo opportunities. In terms of atmosphere, the Opera House is best seen at night when it is illuminated by lights.

The Hanoi Opera House (VietnameseNhà hát lớn Hà NộiFrenchOpéra de Hanoï) is an opera house in central HanoiVietnam. It was erected by the French colonial administration between 1901 and 1911.

It was modeled on the Palais Garnier, the older of Paris‘s two opera houses, and is considered to be one of the architectural landmarks of Hanoi. After the departure of the French the opera house became the scene for several political events. as well as the scene of street fighting during the fight for Hanoi.

The Hanoi Opera House provides the names for the neighboring Hilton Hanoi Opera Hotel which opened in 1999, as well as for the MGallery Hotel de l’Opera Hanoi, which opened in 2011. For historical reasons associated with the Vietnam war, the Hilton Hanoi Opera Hotel was not named the Hanoi Hilton.

 

Bat Trang Ceramic Village, Hanoi, Vietnam

Bat Trang is about 16 km south east of Hanoi from the center. Bat Trang is a accient ceramic village ( 1000 years old ). History of Bat Trang village 1010 , King Ly Thai To moved the capital to Thang Long , Thang Long became the political center of the Republic of Vietnam . Due to the development needs of the city , many merchants, craftsmen from where to find the Thang Long industrial practice and up . Bo Bat Some potters migrated out here and they Nguyen Ninh Trang pottery set , called the White Earth Ward ( Ward White Earth ) . was later renamed Bat . The birth and development of Thang Long has a strong impact on economic activity of the surrounding villages , including the village of Bat Trang . This particular area has a lot of white clay , a good material for the production of pottery . The next round of migration has turned from a Bat Trang ceramic village has become a normal famous pottery center was chosen to provide the court tributes to the Ming Dynasty .

Century 15-16 Mac’s policy towards the business during this time is open , do not advocate ” restrained trade ” before the economy as goods whose distribution conditions are more favorable , thus , Bat Trang products are widely circulated .

Bat Trang ceramics have many products the Mac is clearly written in intelligent manufacturing , the name of the person ordering and production . Through this document proving that the order includes a number of senior officials and nobles wear princess costumes , pro- Duke short code , Ngoc Lien Da Mac Nations , the U.S. State Lady .. . The order spread out over a large space includes district covered the northern plains and the northern Central Coast .

Century 16-17 After the end of the geographical discoveries 15th century , many developed countries of Western Europe to Eastern spill . Countries Portugal , Holland , England , France … established companies , building bases in the East for trade . Activity of maritime trade in Southeast Asia have a long history of capital becomes more vibrant , attractive countries in the region in Asian trading system and the global market is developing.

Once established , the Ming (China ) prohibits private undertakings with foreign trade for the export of the famous ceramics China has restricted facilitate Bat Trang pottery market expansion in Southeast Asia . When the Ming (China ) abolished the policy of isolation ( 1567 ) but still banned exports of some raw materials and commodities important to Japan , was created for trade relations between Vietnam and Japan feature special development , thereby Bat Trang ceramics are imported into Japan .

1644 Qing (China ) restore policy against crossing with foreign trade , until 1684 after liberate Taiwan . During that time , a number of export items of Vietnam , including Bat Trang pottery of China is not competitive should have conditions to thrive .

15-17 century was a period of strong development of ceramic industry Vietnam exports , which in the north are two important centers and the famous Bat Trang and Chu Dau – Xa ( the Minh Tan Thai Tan , Nam Sach district , Hai Duong province ) . At that time , Thang Long (Hanoi) and Pho Hien (now Hung Yen province ) is the second largest urban center and is also harmful for foreign trade prosperity of Tonkin . Bat Trang luck and great advantages is located by the river II ( Red River ) in the middle of Long Street and Constitution , the waterway linking the city and the gateway to the outside world . Chinese trading ships , Japan , Southeast Asia and the Western countries , Vietnam pottery is sold to Japan and many countries in Southeast Asia , South Asia .

The Western companies , especially the Dutch East India Company , the trading method ” from India ( East ) to India ” , bought ceramics Vietnam market sales to Southeast Asia and Japan The .

At the end of the 17th century & early 18th century The export trade in pottery and Vietnam in Southeast Asia are rapidly declining because after Taiwan was liberated ( 1684 ) and Qing Dynasty abolished crossing policies prohibit trade with foreign countries . Since then , high-quality ceramic Chinese flooded the markets of Southeast Asia and Vietnam pottery is not competitive enough . Japan, after a period of closure to protect the precious materials such as silver , copper , has been promoting the development of domestic industries such as silk , sugar , ceramics … that previously had to buy foreign products .

18-19 century Some Western countries into industrial revolution with the new goods to large consumer markets . The economic situation together with limited foreign trade policy of the government Trinh Nguyen in the 18th century and of the Nguyen Dynasty in the 19th century made ​​the external trade relations of Vietnam and the export decline pottery diminished . That is why some pottery village production interruptions ( such as Chu Dau ceramic village – Xa ) . Bat Trang ceramics have been affected yet , but retains vitality thanks to a broad consumer market with domestic appliances , worship , decoration and building blocks are essential for all classes society from nobles to civilians . In this phase , Bat Trang pottery declining exports , but Bat Trang is still a manufacturing center known traditional ceramic in water.

19th century to present During the French colonial period , the Bat Trang pottery but with a number of ceramic enterprises and foreign goods competing but still maintain normal operation .

With full facilities , labor Bat Trang is tested , practical , creative based on hard work and diligence has created a generation of skilled ceramic solid . The well-known artists such as Bat Trang Dao Van Can , Nguyen Van lodge , Le Van The , Le Van Cam , Nguyen Van Loi , Pham Thi Minh Chau Tran , … trained many young potters kilns provide a new opening in the province .

After 1986, Bat Trang pottery village with large shift towards a market economy . The cooperatives in turn dissolved or transformed into joint-stock companies , large companies were established , but much remains the production and dissemination are small units of production per household . Bat Trang Commune has become a major pottery center .

Currently, Bat Trang products increasingly rich and diverse . In addition to the traditional items , the Bat Trang pottery also produced many new products to meet consumer demand in Vietnam as the kind of cups , dishes , vases … new type of building material , the type insulators … and the products exported by foreign orders . Bat Trang products available on the domestic market and are exported to many countries in Asia and Europe

(Wikitravel)